Acne is one of the most common problems in adolescent teens affecting nearly seventeen million people in the United States. Acne is nothing but a disorder involving sebaceous glands and hair follicles. Acne results from the clogging of sebaceous glands leading to the formation of pimples and cysts. The condition usually begins with the onset of puberty. Going by the facts, as teens attain puberty the androgen also called male sex hormones are produced in high numbers leading to sebaceous glands becoming over active which results in sebum being produced in high proportions.

Sebum, which is nothing but oil is produced by sebaceous glands which travel to the skin surface through hair follicles. But, skin cells block the follicles which results in oil also being blocked. When these hair follicles are blocked it results in the development of skin bacteria known as Propionibacterium Acnes within the follicles which in turn results in swelling of the skin called Acne. If the hair follicles are partially blocked it results in blackheads. If the follicles are completely blocked they result in whiteheads. But if these plugged follicles are not treated they ultimately burst causing the oil, bacteria, and skin cells to spill all over the skin resulting in irritation and formation of pimples. Acne can be shallow as well as deep in various individuals depending on the nature of skin and the amount of oil produced.

There can be various causes why Acne forms. Apart from rising hormone levels due to puberty it can also be attributed to certain other factors like intake of drugs that contain lithium, barbiturates, and corticosteroids. Acne can also be caused due to excess grease and oil in the scalp, due to cooking oil and the use of some cosmetics can actually alleviate the acne problem. Acne problem many times is inherited also. The acne problem is worsened if the pimples are squeezed or scrubbed too hard.

Acne can form at any place of the body but they most commonly form in the areas where their sebaceous glands are present in high proportions like face, chest, shoulders, neck, and upper back. The symptoms may differ from person to person but commonly seen symptoms are the formation of blackheads, whiteheads, lesions filled with pus and which are very painful, and lastly nodules. One may get sometimes confused as symptoms of acne may be like some other skin condition and it is always advised to consult a doctor in this scenario.

There are lots of treatments available today to treat acne. The primary goal of the treatment is to reduce scars and better appearance. There are various treatments and the doctor decides which specific treatment you need based on the extent of acne problem, age, medical history, overall health, tolerance to specific medications and procedures, expectations, and last but not the least what patients prefer.

Treatment of acne is classified into topical and systemic drug therapies that are given based on the extent of severity. In some instances, the combination of both the methods might be the way to go for acne treatment. Topical medication is nothing but creams, gels, lotions, solutions, etc. prescribed to patients for acne treatment. Some examples of topical medication are: Benzoyl Peroxide which kills the Propionibacterium Acnes bacteria, antibiotics help in stopping or slowing down the growth of the bacteria, and also reduces inflammation, Tretinoin helps in stopping the formation of new acne lesions and Adapalene reduces the formation of comedo.

Systemic drug therapies involve the prescription of systemic antibiotics primarily for the treatment of acne problems which is moderate to severe in nature. The examples of antibiotics prescribed are Doxycycline, erythromycin, and tetracycline. In some cases, an oral drug called Isotretinoin is prescribed for teenagers with severe acne problems which shrinks down the sebaceous glands that produce oil. The results are pretty good and almost ninety percent of the adolescents have success with this oral drug. But the drug has some serious side effects and thus it is very important that one consults a doctor before use.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *